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Oxford Road, Leeds, West Yorkshire LS20 9DA


Headteacher - Mrs Sally Buckton

Guiseley Primary School


Foundation Stage 2 Phonics

In school, we follow the Letters and Sounds programme. Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills which consists of six phases.


Grapheme: a letter or a number of letters that represent a sound

Phoneme: the smallest unit of sound that you can hear within a word; the word phoneme refers to the sound, not the letter(s) which represent the sound in writing.

Digraph (2 letters that make one sound)

Trigraph (three letters that make one sound - such as ‘igh’ or ‘ear’)

Split digraph


Phase 1 phonics.

There are 7 aspects with 3 strands.

A1 – Environmental
A2 – Instrumental sounds
A3 – Body Percussion
A4 – Rhythm and rhyme
A5 – Alliteration
A6 – Voice sounds
A7 – Oral blending and segmenting.

Phase 2 phonics.

Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
Phase 2 tricky words: I no go the to into


Phase 3 phonics.

Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
Phase 3 tricky words: me we he she be was you they all are my her


Phase 4 phonics.

This phase consolidates all the children have learnt in the previous phases.

Phase 4 tricky words: said have like so do some come were there little one when our what


Phase 5 phonics.

Children will be taught new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these graphemes.
Vowel digraphs: wh, ph, ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, ew, oe, au
Split digraphs: a_e, e_e, i_e, o_e, u_e

Phase 6 phonics.

The focus is on learning spelling rules for suffixes.
-s -es -ing -ed -er -est -y -en -ful -ly -ment -ness



Breaking down words for spelling.
cat c - a - t queen qu - ee - n



Blending the sounds back together
qu - ee - n queen


Tricky Words

These are words that children cannot decode and therefore need to learn to read by sight. Children also need to be able to spell these words.

How to help at home

Stick each word on a post it note and frequently ask your child to read the word as they pass that word stuck on a door or mirror somewhere in the house.
Let your child practise reading the tricky words on bookmarks before reading their reading book.

Phase 2

I no go the to into

Phase 3

me we he she be was you they all are my her

Phase 4

said have like so do some come were there little one when our what


High Frequency Words (for children to be able to read and spell)


Phase 2      Phase 3      Phase 4        Phase 5 

a                       will                went               don’t

an                    that              it’s                     old

as                     this               from                I’m

at                     then             children          by

if                       them           just                    time

in                      with             help                  house

is                      see               about

it                      for                 your

of                    now               day

off                  down            made

on                  look               came

can                too                 make

dad               here

had               saw

back             very













Useful websites  (phase 2 and phase 3 games) 


Please click on the following links to see more information about letter formation and Jolly Phonics.

FS2 - Jolly Phonics Actions Sheet.pdf

FS2 - Letter Formation.pdf


Please click here to see how letters and sounds are introduced in the early stages of reading 



We aim to develop a love of books so that our children want to read for pleasure and to gain knowledge and understanding. We aim that our children learn to read with independence, fluently and with expression.  Children have access to our amazing library on a weekly basis where they can relax with a book, which they are able to borrow and return the following week, or renew if they have not quite finished with it.

We aim to produce writers, who can write for different purposes, in a clear, legible handwriting, using Standard English, a wide range of punctuation and accurate spelling.  We use Talk for Writing, which enables our children to fully immerse themselves in the genre before putting pen to paper.

We aim that our children can express themselves orally to a range of audiences and can listen and respond to the views of others.

We aim that our children can appreciate literature; we introduce them to a variety of authors and reading material.

The school follows a carefully levelled range of books designed to meet the needs of the children as individuals and the requirements of the National Literacy Strategy. Our children choose their own reading books from the appropriate level.


At Guiseley Primary School we believe reading to be fundamental to your child's learning. Our aim is that every child, on leaving, can read for enjoyment and educational value. We ask that parents plan an active part in supporting their child's reading skills. Please encourage your child to practise their books daily at home, as directed by the teacher.

Book bags are for sale at the school office.

What else can you do to help your child?

Sharing a book with your child is a valuable experience so make sure that you:

are both comfortable
are sitting so that you can both see the pages of the book
are undisturbed
let your child choose the book
make use of the school and public library
Showing how much enjoyment can be gained from reading is very important for your child. Parents are welcome to come into the school to help with reading. Please ask your child’s teacher or Mrs Floyd, our reading specialist, if you would like additional advice, or would like to be more involved.

Many of our children exceed the nationally expected levels in reading at the end of each year group at Guiseley Infant and Nursery School; though some of our children may not quite achieve these levels.

For your information please click on each short clip below which shows a typical example of the level of reading expected at the end of each year, from FS2 to year 4. Note that the reading sounds confident and is independent.

Level 8 is expected by the end of FS2 (Reception) 

Level 18 is expected by the end of year 1

Level 22 is expected by the end of year 2

Level 25 is expected by the end of year 3

Level 28 is expected by the end of year 4

Level 30/Free Reader is expected by the end of year 5/6

ECAR Intervention

One parent's view on the ECaR Reading Scheme:

The ECaR Reading Scheme was offered to our daughter at the beginning of Year 1.  I hadn't heard of the scheme until I had a meeting with Mrs Floyd.  Mrs Floyd explained Evie would benefit from the 12 to 20 week scheme.  She would read with Mrs Floyd on a one to one basis for half an hour each day.  One hour a week would be before school with me or my husband to observe the techniques used to help Evie at home.  We also needed to commit to reading with Evie every day.

My initial reaction was to be upset that my daughter had been struggling to understand how to read with the rest of her peers.  Evie is a clever girl and she was bright enough to know she wasn't able to read like her friends.  She developed many techniques to distract everyone around her from the real problem.

I then felt relief that the real issue had been identified  and the school was offering Evie the help and support she needed.  However it felt like a lot of time spent out of the classroom.  My husband and I were concerned about this, but once we had talked it through we decided if she was having difficulties reading, then the rest of the curriculum wasn't going to make much sense.  Our decision was Evie would start the scheme and we would see what progress she made.

The effect of the reading scheme on Evie's confidence and self esteem was almost instant.  She went from not wanting to attend school to being excited to be reading with Mrs Floyd.  The progress Evie was making with her reading was more than she had made in months.  Evie was working hard reading with Mrs Floyd each day, but more importantly she was enjoying it.  Would I choose for Evie to go on the reading scheme again?  Definitely, I am just grateful that the school can offer such a fantastic and worthwhile scheme.